In a competitive remote onboarding landscape, an employee compensation and benefits package is essential for attracting and retaining top talent internationally. Beyond salary, this package often includes various perks, incentives, and supportive offerings designed to enhance the overall employment experience.
However, for global employment, the task of creating a high-quality employee compensation benefits plan becomes all that much more challenging. Crafting these packages requires compliance with the local labor laws of the country of operation, a deep understanding of cultural expectations, and possibly even union-specific negotiations.
Put simply, from mandatory entitlements and holidays to region-specific bonuses, the complexity of designing a globally appealing yet locally resonant package cannot be underestimated.
If you want to know how to streamline your onboarding process, having an effective compensation and benefits package is key. Let’s discuss the key elements and strategies global employers must consider when developing robust workers' compensation and benefits offerings.
What Are Compensations and Benefits?
Compensation and benefits are the two key pillars of human resource management. The quality of this package can shape the entire employment experience and impact the company’s ability to land and then keep international talent on staff. Together, they form a rewarding package that offers both monetary and nonmonetary incentives, designed to promote employee motivation and engagement.
What Is Compensation?
Boiled down, compensation represents the monetary pay an employee will receive in exchange for their labor. Depending on the role and the business, this remuneration could include wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, and so on. These payments are often subject to taxation and represent the financial backbone of an employee’s reward structure.
Generally speaking, international companies have greater control over the compensation portion of the employment package. That said, there are country-specific qualifiers that will shape what a compensation package looks like, including the country’s:
- Local and federal laws
- Tax regulations
- Minimum wage standards
- Economic conditions
- Union agreements
As a result, these regional qualifiers must be carefully considered in the design of a competitive and compliant global compensation strategy.
What Are Benefits?
Benefits are non-monetary perks or rewards that a company provides in addition to standard compensation, which can sweeten the employment offer. Generally speaking, these can be split into one of two categories:
- Tangible benefits – These benefits have direct financial value and can be quantified in monetary terms. They encompass elements such as equity, stock options, health insurance, and retirement savings plans, providing a clear financial advantage to team members.
- Intangible benefits – These benefits are non-monetary rewards that contribute to an employee's overall satisfaction and well-being. While they don't have a specific financial value, their potential impact on employee satisfaction is significant. Intangible benefits include flexibility in work schedules, paid time off, holidays, and opportunities for learning and professional development.
Benefits serve to motivate team members, foster employee engagement, and further enrich the workplace experience. Some benefits may be tax-free or partially exempt from remote work taxes, adding another layer of complexity and value to the overall remote employment offering.
Like the compensation aspect of the package, there may be country-specific qualifiers that the package must include. The specific benefits will be impacted by a country’s social policies, healthcare regulations, mandatory insurance contributions, and cultural expectations.
Whether it’s mandated parental leave or retirement benefits, understanding and accommodating these qualifiers is key to building an attractive and lawful benefits package.
Understanding Employment Laws and Labor Codes in Global Operations
When crafting a compensation and benefits package, the complexities don't end at defining the financial and non-financial rewards. For companies that operate globally, the first pivotal step is understanding and navigating the maze of local employment laws and labor codes.
Each country has its own unique blend of regulations that govern everything from wages to working conditions. Comprehending these laws and applying them can be a complex task, particularly when dealing with different cultural expectations and legal systems.
Take India, for example, a country that is in the middle of a profound transformation in labor legislation. Historically, India's labor laws were either nonexistent or fractured between states, industries, and acts, often leading to confusion and difficulty in compliance. However, the introduction of four labor codes in 2019 consolidated many of these laws, extending benefits across sectors and forcing global companies operating in India to revise their compensation and benefits packages in turn.
Furthermore, it's essential to recognize that local labor laws are often reflective of cultural norms and societal values. What might be considered a standard employee benefit in one country could be perceived differently in another. This cultural literacy is as critical as legal compliance in creating a package that resonates with local employees.
In short, designing a robust global compensation and benefits package is not a one-size-fits-all task. It requires a meticulous understanding of legal landscapes, an appreciation of cultural nuances, and a willingness to adapt and evolve accordingly.
Mandated Compensation and Benefits
Creating a compensation and benefits package isn't solely about attracting and retaining the best talent; it’s essential for companies that seek to legally do business within the confines and legal mandates specific to the country of operation. Failure to comply with local labor laws could result in severe penalties, fines, legal actions, and even the revocation of business licenses.
The exact specifications of an employee comp package will differ from one country to the next; however, common elements include:
- Health insurance – Health insurance is the most common facet of the benefits package across all countries. Governments may require employers to provide or contribute to health insurance coverage; though, the system's funding and the division of financial responsibilities among employers, employees, and the government may vary widely. Even if it’s not legally mandated, modern employees view health insurance as a non-negotiable part of their compensation package, often placing it at the top of their list of priorities when evaluating a job offer.
- Maternity, paternity, and adoption Leave – Many countries mandate time off for new parents, whether for childbirth or adoption. These policies often specify the amount of leave, the conditions for eligibility, and how the time off is paid.
- Vacation and holidays – Governments may stipulate a minimum amount of paid vacation time and national holidays. This can include both guaranteed paid holidays as well as the recognition of federal, public, or even state-specific holidays.
- Sick leave – Employers may be required to provide paid sick leave, with specific rules around eligibility, the amount paid, and the duration of leave. For example, in Sweden, Employees are granted a minimum of 14 days of paid sick leave, during which they receive 80% of their regular salary.
- Minimum wage – Depending on the industry and type of job, many countries establish minimum wages—i.e. the lowest salary that employers can legally pay their workers. But these aren’t universal. The industry, type of job, and country’s financial state all play a part. For instance, Luxembourg boasts the world's highest minimum wage at $3,173 per month—a stark contrast to places like the Philippines, where the figure drops to $215.
- Death insurance – Some countries have provisions to protect surviving relatives, such as inheriting a portion of a pension or receiving a death grant, especially if the death occurred while in the line of duty.
- Work hours and overtime – Governments may regulate the standard work week, maximum daily hours, and rules around overtime. This can include setting overtime pay rates or allowing time off in lieu of overtime payment. For example, the German Working Hours Act sets a maximum of 8 hours per workday, extendable to 10 hours given that the average over six weeks or six months does not exceed 8 hours per day.
- Pension system – Local governments may set mandated retirement benefits as a part of the compensation plan, with requirements for both employees and employers to contribute to a pension system.
- Unemployment benefits – In some countries, provisions for individuals who lose their jobs may be part of the mandated benefits, with shared responsibilities among employers, employees, and the government.
- Retirement plans – Beyond pension plans, employer-sponsored plans, or individual savings accounts, retirement plans are a common incentive that’s added to the benefits plan. In places like Australia with their superannuation or the U.S. with 401(k) plans, the mechanisms may differ, but the goal remains the same: ensure loyal employees can have peace of mind when they reach their golden years.